I am amazed how many students take so little time to review exactly what the assignment is before they start. Speeches often have very specific instructions, whether it is for a class or in “real life”.
Believe it or not, breaking down an assignment for school, like a speech can actually help you prepare for job interviews. If you are lucky enough to have an instructor who has given you a RUBRIC that explains exactly how they grade assignments, take a long look at it! A RUBRIC is your clue to see very specifically what you need to do to get the grade you want.
Once you know the assignment and what is required of you, look at the audience and who is in the audience. Every speech should be tailored to those in the audience so that means you will have to find out some things about them before you begin preparing your speech.
Some things you should know:
1. their demographics- the relevant things at least
2. their current knowledge on your topic
3. their attitude, opinions and beliefs as needed
4. finally know the room, the layout and the actual environment.
Want to learn more about tailoring a speech to the audience visit Allyn & Bacons Website
Next, comes choosing a topic, which can be very stressful!