Developing students Habits of Mind is an important element of teaching students of today. Just what are Habit of Mind (HoM) you ask, here is a link to a great article to help you.
I have spent many years trying to build students sense of responsibility and self-efficacy.
Here is a sample lesson plan that I use on the 1st day to build up the notion that students are responsible for their own learning.
A funny story- the first semester I did this, we talked about Office Hours and what they meant and why they should stop by. It was the first time ever— yes ever- that every students came by during my office hours, without ever “requiring” them to.